Jeans it's not one-size-fits-all when you are choosing the latest jeans style

Fashion Jeans Asia, Spotlight on Jeans Fashion

Jeans, what to look for if we buy them? The Jeans Fabric.

Distressed Denim
The fashion look in jeans is distressed denim. Identified by several erms including acid washed, stonewashed, ravaged, aged; white washed, bleached, super bleached and simply prewashed, the resulting fabric features a pre-worn look. Treatments give softer hand, more texture and color variation from frosted, bleached light to faded looks, and distressed edges. Years ago consumers would break in their own denims by wearing and laundering. Now, the trend is to buy jeans already broken in.

Distressed denim, often identified by the terms "acid washed" or "washed," is achieved through chemical (bleaching), mechanical (rubbing or abrading), or a combination of both processes. Most distressed jean looks are achieved by some variation of tumbling denim fabric with special pumice stones soaked in a bleaching agent called potassium permanganate. Different sized stones create varying effects. In addition to the bleaching effect, both the pumice stones rubbing the fabric surface, as well as the laundry action itself soften the fabric and abrade or create a worn look on the fabric surface. A deep rinse is needed to remove excess bleach in the fabric. If not removed, fabrics can yellow when exposed to warm water, detergent, heat from the clothes dryer, or sunlight. The damage is permanent and cannot be removed. Although the term "acid washed" is sometimes used to describe this fabric, no acid is used in the process.

Stonewashing is time consuming and expensive, which is reflected in the cost of garments made from these fabrics. As a result, consumers will pay more for distressed jeans than similar jeans made from traditional denim fabric. Some manufacturers estimate that chemical treatments add $11 (retail) to the cost of a pair of jeans, while stonewashing adds an additional $3 (retail).

New processes are being developed to achieve the same effect at lower costs. Sandblasting is a process which projects particles at denim fabric under controlled pressure settings. The treatment is more mechanical and abrasive than chemical. Another approach uses enzymes which break down cotton fibers used in denim, causing the highly twisted yarns to release indigo dye and soften.


Regardless of the method used to produce distressed denim, durability is decreased and the life of the garment shortened. Excessive bleaching and abrading weaken fibers and may cause holes to form and seams to break after a few wearings. It is estimated that "acid wash" processing is equal to 25 home launderings. Shrinkage becomes less of a problem in the purchased garment, however, since the "acid wash" or other processes also pre-shrink the fabric.

Several products or kits are now available to consumers who want to "distress" their own denim fabric. All systems use some type of mild bleaching action or mechanical abraders such as a pumice stone for rubbing, or emery boards. These processes may not be as harsh as commercial treatments, but still lower the garment's durability and wear life.

Denim producers also use special or irregular yarns and spinning techniques to give denim a cleaner appearance and softer, loftier hand than traditional denims. Some result in an "antique" look without distressed edges. Or, a variety of finishes, such as sandblasting and stonewashes, are used to enhance the antique or worn looks
(c) Jeans and Denim